Heaters

Cartridge Heater

Cartridge heater often considered as component heater has a heating coil wound on a ceramic core and are cylindrical-shaped, heavy-duty Joule heating element. Electricity flows through coil when a two or three-phase voltage is applied. The electricity heats the coil and, subsequently, the cartridge sheath. The watt density (in Watt/inch2) depends on the number of spirals or turns per inch. The sheath comes in contact with the surface being heated. Insulation in the cartridge heater ensures that the heating wire never comes in contact with the sheath and protects the sheath from melting in case of any mishap. The leads that come out of the heater terminal have metal conduit, or silicon sleeves to protect from high temperature. Lead wires are often fiberglass or silicon rubber.

These heaters provide a suitable, reliable and competent method of applying concentrated heat to solid metal components to high temperatures, particularly where compact, insert type heating is desirable. Swaged construction provides minimal air gaps, which lead to high efficiency and improved heat transfer.  Distinguished for long trouble free service, cartridge heaters have precise dimensions and tolerances. Heating elements are kept close to the material being heated for maximum heat transfer, minimum core temperature, and faster heating. Use of stainless steel sheaths provides non oxiding surfaces. The surface watts density and operating temperature of a cartridge is dependent on hole clearance. The larger the hole clearance the lower the recommended watt density. For temperature sensing, a thermocouple should be positioned in the heater but its life is reduced by slow “on/off” cycling of power controllers. So PID auto tuning controllers with solid state relay or thyristor output are suggested

Options :
Sheath Material  Stainless steel, INCOLOY
Watt Density Up to 400 W/in2
Design temperatures Up to 760°C (1400° F).
Voltage Up to 480V AC
Length Up to 72 inches
Leads Stranded/ Swaged in/ Pin leads/ Crimpedon/ Customised

 

Controls Thermocouple/ RTD

Note- For custom design requirements please contact thre factory.

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Category:

Lead wire options

Wire Type Temperature Rating Maximum Recommended Temperature Comments
Ultralead 250°C 450°C Excellent, durable wire, good for high-temperature application
Teflon 250°C 250°C Good dielectric strength
Silicon Rubber 200°C 200°C Good moisture resistance
Braided Silicon rubber 200°C 200°C Inexpensive wire, good for non-abrasive applications.
MGT 450°C 450°C Superior high-temperature resistance
SJO cord 90°C 90°C Rubber Jacket, resistance to oil and moisture. For use on 3/8” diameter and larger.

Termination Options:

  1. Swaged in Leads
  • Swaged in Leads are ideal for application where there is excessive movement or leads are required to bent sharply upon exiting the heater.
  • In heaters under 3” long, leads wire goes dirently into the core whereas in heaters over 3” long, leads are connected to power pins in unheated section.
  • Also remember, if the leads are required to be inserted completely into the hole, they are exposed to the block temperature ( maximum temperature for standard leads is 550°C )
  • Unless otherwise specified, all heaters will be supplied with Swaged in Leads.
  1. Crimped on Leads
  • The connection between the leads and the power pins are made outside the heater using connectors. Crimp-on leads are generally used where the temperature at the end of the heater exceeds the maximum allowable temperature of the lead wire.
  • Not recommended for the applications where the leads must be bent sharply at the heater exit.

Connectors are covered by high volt silicon rubber-coated fibre glass sleeve.

      3.Right angle Leads

Right angle leads are ideal for application with tight spaces. Leads are covered with a silicon        impregnated fibreglass sleeve where they exit the heater.

Application

Sheath Material

Molds, Metal dies, Patens, hot plates, sealing tools, fluid heating, aerospace, semiconductor industry Stainless Steel, INCOLOY
Food service and medical equipment, Deionized water Stainless Steel
General applications INCOLOY
Highly corrosive applications Titanium
  • Cartridge heaters can also accommodate internal thermocouple which helps in controlling temperature of heater more accurately. Thermocouples can be type “J” or type type “K”, grounded or ungrounded, and can be attached at the disc end or middle of the heater.

Material

Maximum Operating Temperatures

Maximum Watt Density

          °F           °C         W/in2         W/cm2
   INCOLOY 1400 760 400 62
   Stainless Steel 1000 538 400 62